"Masters of collage". From Picasso to Rauschenberg
26/11/2005 - 26/02/2006
In the fall of 1912, using only scissors and cheap commercial papers glued to their drawings, Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso invented collage and forever altered the way in which art was made and received. Artists throughout Europe and the United States immediately recognized the new medium’s far-reaching potential. In Italy, the Futurists, advocates of World War I, used collage to capture the fury of battle and celebrate the dynamic pace of city life. In Germany and Switzerland, the war brought disillusion and the birth of the Dada movement. The Berlin Dadaists George Grosz, Johannes Baader, and Hannah Höch conceived of photomontage as a medium of protest against the existing social and political order. In the new Soviet nation, on the other hand, artists Liubov Popova, Gustav Klutsis, Lazar El Lissitzky, Alexandr Rodchenko, Nikolai Sidelnikov, and Solomon Telingater used collage and photomontage to celebrate the progressive goals of the new nation.